Physical development is one of the prime areas of the EYFS. It includes gross and fine motor skills. Gross motor skills are big movement skills such as walking, jumping and rolling. This involves children being able to negotiate space and obstacles safely, move energetically and demonstrate strength, balance and coordination when they are playing. Gross motor skills provide the foundation for developing healthy bodies and social and emotional well being.
Fine motor skills or minor motor skills are more precise skills that involve control and hand eye coordination. This involves things like being able to show accuracy and care whilst drawing and using tools such as scissors, paintbrushes and cutlery. Developing good fine motor skills from an early age will help children later with their writing.